Unit 8 - Sartre_Biography(1) - (from:...

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(from: http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/calendar.htm) Jean-Paul Sartre (1905-1980) French novelist, playwright, existentialist philosopher, and literary critic. Sartre was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature in 1964, but he declined the award in protest of the values of bourgeois society. His longtime companion was Simone de Beauvoir, whom he met at the École Normale Superieure in 1929. "The bad novel aims to please by flattering, whereas the good one is an exigence and an act of faith. But above all, the unique point of view from which the author can present the world to those freedoms whose concurrence he wishes to bring about is that of a world to be impregnated always with more freedom." (from What Is Literature , 1947) Jean-Paul Sartre was born in Paris . His father was a naval officer who died when Jean- Paul was young. Through his mother, the former Anne-Marie Schweitzer, he was a great nephew of Albert Schweitzer. Sartre lived after his father's early death with his grandfather, Charles Schweitzer and his mother in Paris. When his mother remarried in 1917, the family moved to La Rochelle. Sartre attended the Lycée Louis-le-Grand. He graduated from the Ècole Normale Supérieure in 1929. From 1931 to 1945 he worked as a teacher and traveled in Egypt, Greece, and Italy. In 1933-34 he studied in Berlin the writings of the German philosophers Edmund Husserl and Martin Heidegger. At the Left Bank cafés Sartre gathered around him a group of intellectuals in the 1930s. During WW II Sartre was drafted in 1939, imprisoned a year later in Germany, but released in 1941 (or he escaped). However, he lost his freedom he valued above all for a short time. In Paris he joined resistance movement, writing for such magazines as Les Lettres Française and Combat . After the war he founded a monthly literary and political review, Les Temps Modernes , and devoted full time to writing and political activity. Sartre was never a member of Communist party, although he tried to reconcile existentialism and Marxism and collaborated with the French Communist Party as the only hope of bettering the lot of the working classes. However, when Albert Camus, with whom Sartre was closely linked in the 1940, openly criticized Stalinism, Sartre hesitated at that time about such acts. The publication of Camus's novel The Rebel in 1951 caused a break between the two friends. "Man can will nothing unless he has first understood that he must count no one but
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This note was uploaded on 11/22/2011 for the course PHILOSOPHY 101 taught by Professor Simonoswitch during the Spring '10 term at Chandler-Gilbert Community College.

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Unit 8 - Sartre_Biography(1) - (from:...

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