ethical judgement

ethical judgement - Ethical Judgment Ethical Judgment...

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Unformatted text preview: Ethical Judgment Ethical Judgment Marriott School of Management Bus M 390 CHARACTERISTICS OF INDIVIDUALS Individual Differences Cognitive Biases Process of Individual Ethical Decision­Making MORAL AWARENESS ETHICAL JUDGMENT ETHICAL BEHAVIOR CHARACTERISTICS OF ORGANIZATIONS Group and Organizational Pressures Organizational Culture INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES Cultural Influences Locus of Control Motivation Cognitive Moral Development LOCUS OF CONTROL LOCUS OF CONTROL Individual’s perception of how much control Individual’s he or she exerts over events in life. he External Internal MOTIVATION MOTIVATION Need for achievement Need for affiliation Need for power D&C 121: 39­­We have learned by sad experience that it is the nature and disposition of almost all men, as soon as they get a little authority, as they suppose, they will immediately begin to exercise unrighteous dominion. COGNITIVE MORAL COGNITIVE MORAL DEVELOPMENT Stage Development Stage Reasoning 1 Obedience ­ Punishment avoidance Self 2 Exchange ­ Reward seeking Self 3 Conformity ­ Social approval, Social groups 4 Relationships Social justice ­ Duties and Laws 5 Human Rights and Justice Principled 6 Universal Ethics ­ theoretical Principled Society Source: Adapted from Lawrence Kohlberg, The Philosophy of Moral Development New York: Harper & Row, 1981. GANDHI’S PERSONAL GANDHI’S PERSONAL STATEMENT Let then our first activity every morning be to make the following resolve for the day: I shall not fear anyone on earth I shall fear only God I shall not bear ill will toward anyone I shall not submit to injustice from anyone I shall conquer untruth by truth And in resisting untruth I shall put up with all suffering COGNITIVE BARRIERS COGNITIVE BARRIERS AND BIASES, Part 1 Discounting the future Collective outcomes Escalating commitment Framing Perception of causes PERCEPTION OF CAUSES PERCEPTION OF CAUSES COGNITIVE BARRIERS AND COGNITIVE BARRIERS AND BIASES, Part 2 Illusion of superiority Stereotypes Overconfidence Sins of omission Emotions COGNITIVE BARRIERS COGNITIVE BARRIERS AND BIASES Discounting the future Collective outcomes Escalating commitment Framing Perception of causes Illusion of superiority Stereotypes Overconfidence Sins of omission Emotions rtu n po Op re ssu Pre ity THE FRAUD TRIANGLE THE FRAUD TRIANGLE Fraud Triangle Rationalization Source: Steve Albrecht ...
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This note was uploaded on 11/22/2011 for the course ETHICS BUS M 390 taught by Professor Loriwardsworth during the Fall '11 term at BYU.

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