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Unformatted text preview: Ethical Judgment
Marriott School of Management
Bus M 390 CHARACTERISTICS OF INDIVIDUALS
Cognitive Biases Process of Individual Ethical DecisionMaking
BEHAVIOR CHARACTERISTICS OF ORGANIZATIONS
Group and Organizational Pressures
Organizational Culture INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES
INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES Cultural Influences
Locus of Control
Cognitive Moral Development LOCUS OF CONTROL
LOCUS OF CONTROL
Individual’s perception of how much control
he or she exerts over events in life.
he External Internal MOTIVATION
Need for achievement Need for affiliation Need for power D&C 121: 39We have learned by sad experience that it is the nature and disposition of almost all men, as soon as they get a little authority, as they suppose, they will immediately begin to exercise unrighteous dominion. COGNITIVE MORAL COGNITIVE MORAL DEVELOPMENT
Stage Development Stage Reasoning 1 Obedience Punishment avoidance Self 2 Exchange Reward seeking Self 3 Conformity Social approval, Social groups 4 Relationships
Social justice Duties and Laws 5 Human Rights and Justice Principled 6 Universal Ethics theoretical Principled Society Source: Adapted from Lawrence Kohlberg, The Philosophy of Moral Development
New York: Harper & Row, 1981. GANDHI’S PERSONAL GANDHI’S PERSONAL STATEMENT
Let then our first activity every morning be to make the following resolve for the day: I shall not fear anyone on earth I shall fear only God I shall not bear ill will toward anyone I shall not submit to injustice from anyone I shall conquer untruth by truth And in resisting untruth I shall put up with all suffering COGNITIVE BARRIERS COGNITIVE BARRIERS AND BIASES, Part 1
Discounting the future Collective outcomes Escalating commitment Framing Perception of causes PERCEPTION OF CAUSES
PERCEPTION OF CAUSES COGNITIVE BARRIERS AND COGNITIVE BARRIERS AND BIASES, Part 2
Illusion of superiority Stereotypes Overconfidence Sins of omission Emotions COGNITIVE BARRIERS COGNITIVE BARRIERS AND BIASES Discounting the future
Perception of causes Illusion of superiority
Sins of omission
Pre ity THE FRAUD TRIANGLE
THE FRAUD TRIANGLE Fraud
Source: Steve Albrecht ...
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This note was uploaded on 11/22/2011 for the course ETHICS BUS M 390 taught by Professor Loriwardsworth during the Fall '11 term at BYU.
- Fall '11