Kines 3502 Psychological measurement notes

Kines 3502 Psychological measurement notes - Measuring...

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Unformatted text preview: Measuring Psychological Attributes KIN 3502: Tests and Measurement in Kinesiology Psychological Constructs Measuring Attitudes Psychological Determinants of Physical Activity Eating Disorders Body Image Psychophysical Ratings Important to assess determinants of physical activity Public health benefits of physical activity promotion Adherence to exercise programs is generally low Dropout rate of 50% (Dishman, 1990) Psychological Determinants of Physical Activity § Dishman, 1990: § Smoking behavior § Occupational level § Body composition § Exercise history § Self-motivation § Knowledge of health benefits § Positive affect § Perceived efficacy Predictors of Physical Activity Many different classes, or categories, of psychological constructs Summarized by Ostrow (1996), with description of 314 instruments Detailed description of source, purpose, test construction, reliability and validity evidence, norms, contact information Psychological Constructs Used to measure beliefs, practices, attitudes, and knowledge. Important issues: § cover letters/instructions § timing § appearance § length § content Questionnaires Search the literature to find one that has already been developed Design your own § Clarify the goal of the questionnaire § What do you want to find out? § Pilot test § Make sure you can analyze the data Questionnaires – Which one to use? “...feelings about particular social objects-physical objects, types of people, particular persons, social institutions, government policies” (Nunnally, 1978) Response usually is a Disagree - Agree continuum Usually range from 2 to 7 response options Some (negatively-worded) items should be reverse- scored when entering data Measuring Attitudes Attitudes Affect Behavior Cognition (Belief) Attitude Affect (Emotion) Behavior Tendency High Reliability Validity not established – what is the gold standard for attitudes?...
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Kines 3502 Psychological measurement notes - Measuring...

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