Chapter 12 Kines 3513 notes

Chapter 12 Kines 3513 notes - TheStagesof Learning...

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The Stages of  Learning
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Phases in Learning People who are skilled in an activity often  have trouble teaching a beginner. They do not understand how the beginner  approaches the task Coach/therapist must consider the point of  view of the athlete/patient Instruction for learning will depend on the stage  (phase) of learning a person is in
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Phases in Learning People progress through stages (phases) as  they learn a motor skill People progress from being a novice (beginner)  to being an expert (highly skilled) Two models proposed to identify and  describe the stages Fitts and Posner three-stage model Gentile two-stage model
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The Three Stage Model of Skill  Acquisition Fitts and Posner (1967) proposed that motor  skill acquisition (learning) involved three  stages 1. Cognitive stage 2. Associative stage 3. Autonomous stage
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The Three Stage Model of Skill  Acquisition 1. Cognitive Stage  (verbal-cognitive stage) The task is completely new Focus on solving cognitively-oriented problems Many questions: What to do? (discover goal) When to do it? (discover timing) How to do it? (discover strategy) Many errors, rough estimation Verbal and cognitive strategies dominate Improve rapidly
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The Three Stage Model of Skill  Acquisition 2. Associative Stage  (motor stage) Associate cues from the environment with  required movements Organize more efficient movement patterns Strengthen motor program Consistency gradually increases Develop anticipation Monitor own feedback Last longer (weeks => months)
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The Three Stage Model of Skill  Acquisition 3. Autonomous Stage
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This note was uploaded on 11/21/2011 for the course KINES 3513 taught by Professor Gemmert during the Fall '11 term at LSU.

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Chapter 12 Kines 3513 notes - TheStagesof Learning...

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