Chapter 13 Kines 3513 notes

Chapter 13 Kines 3513 notes - Transfer of Learning Transfer...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–12. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Transfer of Learning Transfer of Learning In general, transfer of learning occurs from practice to target context The gain or loss of a person’s proficiency on one task as a result of previous experience What a person learns during practice vs. what he or she can do in the target context Transfer of Learning Influence of previous experience on Learning a new skill Performing a skill in a new context › The influence can result in Positive transfer Negative transfer Zero transfer (Neutral) Transfer of Learning Transfer principle has practical and theoretical significance for: › Sequencing skills to be learned › Developing instructional methods › Assessing the effectiveness of practice conditions Applications of Transfer Sequencing activities to help a person to learn a skill › Applications 1. Rehab settings develop progressions of therapy activities 2. P.E. settings develop sequences of activities within a curriculum or in a unit of instruction 3. Coaching settings develop drills and practice activities to facilitate Positive Transfer There are two commonly accepted reasons Both based on the relationship between the previous and new experience or context 1. Similarity of skill and context components Thorndike’s “identical elements” theory 2. Similarity of processing requirements Transfer-appropriate processing view Explanations for Positive Transfer Both involve the relationship between the previously experienced skill and the new skill or context Explanations for Positive Transfer 1. Similarity of skill or context components › Based on: Thorndike’s (1914) “identical elements” theory Positive transfer increases as the number of common skill components (“elements”) increases for the two skills/contexts Explanations for Positive Transfer 2. Similarity of information processing activity required › Based on: Transfer-appropriate-processing view of the practice – test relationship Positive transfer increases as the similarity of the information processing activity increases for the two skills/contexts problem solving activity type of decision making involved Explanations for Positive Transfer v Although much remains unknown about the cause of transfer of learning, evidence points to the value of both hypotheses in accounting for transfer effect Negative Transfer Considered and temporary in motor skill learning Occurs when new skill or context involves › Similar environmental context features but requires a different movement response Negative effects can be overcome with...
View Full Document

Page1 / 37

Chapter 13 Kines 3513 notes - Transfer of Learning Transfer...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 12. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online