Kines 4512 test 1 cheat sheet

Kines 4512 test 1 cheat sheet - Importance of motor...

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Importance of motor development To understand the way people normally develop movement skills Help individuals improve or perfect movement performance To understand the way special populations develop movement skills Help special populations improve or perfect movement performance Domains Cognitive domain -Concerns human intellectual development Affective domain -Concerned with the social and emotional aspects of human development Motor domain -Development of human movement and factors that affect that development Physical domain -All types of physical/bodily change Elements of developmental change Qualitative Development change is not “just more of something” Sequential Certain motor patterns precede others Cumulative Behaviors are additive Directional Development has an ultimate goal Multifactorial No single factor direct change Individual Rate of change varies for all people Maturation: Qualitative-functional changes occurring with age Growth: Quantitative- structural changes occurring with age Cephalocaudal Development from head to tail Learning to walk Proximodistal Development from the body’s center to periphery Prenatal growth Acquisition of motor skill Newell’s model based on constraints- Interactive role of an individual’s structure and function, the task, and environmental conditions on human motor development -Tiedemann watched the motor behavior of his son’s first 2.5 years Dynamical systems theory (1980) - “systems undergoing change are complex, coordinated, and somewhat self- organizing”, Examines movement control and coordination, Explains process of development, 1970-Present Process-Oriented Period- Study of the processes of motor development Periods Reflexive Prenatal-few weeks after birth Involuntary response to stimuli Survival Brain-stem Preadapted Movement produced from higher brain centers Conscious, voluntary Fundamental Patterns Build on movement skills Includes fundamental locomotor skills, object control, fine motor control Critical to future motor performance
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Periods Context-specific Begin to experience one or more peaks in movement skills Life experiences, personal likes and dislikes of movements Skillful Experience and practice Not achieved by all Requires motivation, opportunity, instruction, practice over years In general, cannot be competent in every skill Compensation Associated with injury: with practice and time, may return to previous skill level Aging: inevitable decline; compensate with new skill 1787-1928 Precursor Period- description observation and Darwin’s biographical sketch of an infant 1928-1946 Maturational Period - Biological processes influence motor development, Product-process – oriented information, and Bayley’s scales Bayley’s scales are norm-referenced scales that follow motor behavior of the first 3 years of life 1946-1970 Normative/Descriptive Period- Mid-1940s through 1960 ~dormant period and 1960 ~ Kephart’s Slow Learner in the Classroom
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This note was uploaded on 11/21/2011 for the course KINES 4512 taught by Professor Grodesky during the Fall '11 term at LSU.

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Kines 4512 test 1 cheat sheet - Importance of motor...

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