Kines 4512 test 2 cheat sheet

Kines 4512 test 2 cheat sheet - Growth and Maturation...

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Growth and Maturation Chapter 7 Level of maturation can influence motor performance Measuring Growth in Length and Stature Recumbent length is measured from birth until a child is able to stand Measured from the vertex (highest point on skull) to the soles of the feet Stature or standing height is measured between the vertex and the floor Preferred measurement of body length Stature can be estimated in the elderly and/or disabled populations from recumbent knee height Calculation of Stature from Knee Height Growth in Length and Stature Conception ~ 0.14 mm in diameter Birth Boys ~ 20 in Girls ~ 19.75 in Year 1 Boys ~ 30 in Girls ~ 29.25 in Growth in Length and Stature Year 2 Length increases about 4.75 in Year 3-5 Decelerated growth rate to 2.75 in/year Year 6-adolescence Decelerated growth rate to 2.25 in/year Growth in Length and Stature Adolescence 20% of adult stature is attained during this 2 ½ to 3 year period 17.3 years Median age in females when growth in stature ceases 21.2 years Median age in males when growth in stature ceases Females attain final 2% of growth in stature Growth in Length and Stature 20-30 years Growth of vertebral column may add another 1/8 in to stature 30-45 years Stature is stable Above 45 years ~ decrease in stature Intervertebral disk degeneration Growth in Length and Stature
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Midgrowth spurt in height Between 6.5 and 8.5 years More common in girls Predicting adult stature Stature = 2 X (child’s ht. in inches at 2 yr. . of age) If child at 2 yr. . of age = 36 inches, as an adult he will be 72 inches tall Girls enter adolescent growth spurt 2 yr. . before boys Growth in Length and Stature Stature-for-Age Percentiles Stature-for-Age Percentiles Measuring Body Weight Growth in Body Weight Conception ~ ovum weighs 0.005 mg Birth Boys ~ 7.5 lb. Girls ~ 7.0 lb. Year 1 Boys ~ 22.5 lb. Girls ~ 21 lb. Growth in Body Weight Year 2 ~ gain of 5.5 lb. Years 3-5 ~ gain of 4.5 lb. Year 6 – Adolescence Slight increase in rate of weight gain of 6.5/year Adolescence Males add about 45 lb. of body weight Females add about 35 lb. of body weight Growth in Body Weight Year 18 Males ~ 166 lb. Females ~ 143.5 lb. Above 19 years Weight is a matter of nutritional and exercise status Some weight gain during pregnancy is permanent Growth in Body Weight Growth in Body Weight Distance Curve for Body Weight Distance Curve for Body Weight Calculating BMI Mean BMI Mean BMI
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BMI-for-Age In children and adolescents, BMI-for-age is best used as a guide to determine individual nutritional status
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This note was uploaded on 11/21/2011 for the course KINES 4512 taught by Professor Grodesky during the Fall '11 term at LSU.

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Kines 4512 test 2 cheat sheet - Growth and Maturation...

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