DIABETES+stu+spr+_11+gk

DIABETES+stu+spr+_11+gk - Diabetes Mellitus Diabetes...

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Diabetes Mellitus 1 Developed by Gail P. A. Kauwell, PhD, RD, LDN Updated by Gail P. A. Kauwell, PhD, RD, LDN & Anne Mathews, PhD, RD HUN 4446 – Fall 2011 Diabetes Mellitus • Compare normal structure and function of the endocrine pancreas to the changes that occur in type 1 diabetes mellitus. • Describe the etiology, symptoms, clinical findings and pathophysiology associated with type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes mellitus Objectives gestational diabetes mellitus. • Describe the diagnostic tests/procedures and intervention strategies (i.e., medical, surgical, pharmacologic, nutritional) used to treat/manage diabetes mellitus. • Differentiate between type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus based on etiology, symptoms, clinical findings, laboratory data, diagnostic tests, pathophysiology and medical/surgical, pharmacological and nutritional management. • Relate the signs, symptoms, clinical findings, laboratory data, diagnostic tests, and medical, surgical, pharmacologic and nutritional interventions to the underlying pathophysiology of type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Interpret the results of laboratory/diagnostic tests Objectives Interpret the results of laboratory/diagnostic tests. • Recommend appropriate nutritional management for patients with type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus based on information presented in case studies. • Select appropriate medical, pharmacologic and/or surgical interventions for patients with type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus, including adjustments to insulin regimens, based on information presented in case studies.
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Diabetes Mellitus 2 Developed by Gail P. A. Kauwell, PhD, RD, LDN Updated by Gail P. A. Kauwell, PhD, RD, LDN & Anne Mathews, PhD, RD HUN 4446 – Fall 2011 Diabetes Mellitus • Metabolic disease of disordered energy metabolism Characterized by • Characterized by: – hyperglycemia – premature vascular disease Diabetes Mellitus • Two main types – type 1 (formerly: IDDM) type 2 (formerly: NIDDM – type 2 (formerly: NIDDM) • Other subcategories: – Gestational diabetes mellitus – Drug-induced – Other conditions Normo- glycemia Hyperglycemia Normal glucose regulation IGT or IFG Diabetes mellitus Not Insulin Insulin insulin requiring requiring Types Stages Progressive Nature of Diabetes Mellitus insulin requiring requiring for control for survival Type 1* Type 2 Gestational Diabetes IGT = impaired glucose tolerance; IFG = impaired fasting glucose
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Diabetes Mellitus 3 Developed by Gail P. A. Kauwell, PhD, RD, LDN Updated by Gail P. A. Kauwell, PhD, RD, LDN & Anne Mathews, PhD, RD HUN 4446 – Fall 2011 Diabetes Facts & Figures • Affects 23.6 million in US (total) • >5.7 million undiagnosed •7 th leading cause of death • Many complications •No±cure Diabetes & Gestational Diabetes Trends Among U.S. Adults, 1997-1998 4% 4-6% 6-8% 8-10 >10% http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/statistics/maps/map7.htm Diabetes & Gestational Diabetes Trends Among U.S. Adults, 1999 4% 4-6% 6-8% 8-10 >10% http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/statistics/maps/map8.htm
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Diabetes Mellitus 4 Developed by Gail P. A. Kauwell, PhD, RD, LDN Updated by Gail P. A. Kauwell, PhD, RD, LDN & Anne Mathews, PhD, RD
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This note was uploaded on 11/21/2011 for the course HUN 4446 taught by Professor Mathews during the Fall '09 term at University of Florida.

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DIABETES+stu+spr+_11+gk - Diabetes Mellitus Diabetes...

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