pancre+Fall+_11+stu

pancre+Fall+_11+stu - Pancreatic Disease Diseases of the...

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Pancreatic Disease 1 Developed by Gail P. A. Kauwell, PhD, RD, LDN Updated by Gail P. A. Kauwell, PhD, RD, LDN & Anne Mathews, PhD, RD HUN 4446 - Fall 2011 Diseases of the Exocrine Pancreas • Relate the signs, symptoms, clinical findings, laboratory data, diagnostic tests, and medical, surgical, pharmacologic and nutritional interventions to the underlying pathophysiology of acute and chronic pancreatitis. Interpret the results of laboratory/diagnostic tests Objectives Interpret the results of laboratory/diagnostic tests. • Recommend appropriate nutritional management for patients with acute or chronic pancreatitis based on information presented in case studies. • Select appropriate medical, pharmacologic and/or surgical interventions for patients with acute or chronic pancreatitis based on information presented in case studies. • Relate the signs, symptoms, clinical findings, laboratory data, diagnostic tests, and medical, surgical, pharmacologic and nutritional interventions to the underlying pathophysiology of acute and chronic pancreatitis. Interpret the results of laboratory/diagnostic tests Objectives Interpret the results of laboratory/diagnostic tests. • Recommend appropriate nutritional management for patients with acute or chronic pancreatitis based on information presented in case studies. • Select appropriate medical, pharmacologic and/or surgical interventions for patients with acute or chronic pancreatitis based on information presented in case studies.
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Pancreatic Disease 2 Developed by Gail P. A. Kauwell, PhD, RD, LDN Updated by Gail P. A. Kauwell, PhD, RD, LDN & Anne Mathews, PhD, RD HUN 4446 - Fall 2011 Pancreatic Structure & Function Structure: elongated, flattened gland -upper abdomen behind stomach • 3 sections • acinar cells • islets of Langerhans Pancreatic Structure & Function http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001138.htm Functions: • secrete digestive juices Pancreatic Structure & Function • regulate blood glucose • other hormonal functions
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Pancreatic Disease 3 Developed by Gail P. A. Kauwell, PhD, RD, LDN Updated by Gail P. A. Kauwell, PhD, RD, LDN & Anne Mathews, PhD, RD HUN 4446 - Fall 2011 Pancreatic Structure & Function http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/imagepages/17151.htm Pancreatic Secretions Pancreatic secretions: • hormonal & nervous regulation • hormonal controls: • secretin • CCK Diseases of the Exocrine Pancreas Pancreatitis • inflammation of the pancreas • types: •acu te • chronic
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Pancreatic Disease 4 Developed by Gail P. A. Kauwell, PhD, RD, LDN Updated by Gail P. A. Kauwell, PhD, RD, LDN & Anne Mathews, PhD, RD HUN 4446 - Fall 2011 Pancreatitis 2 most common etiologies: gallstones; biliary tract disease alcohol http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlinep lus/ency/imagepages/17038.htm Other causes: • surgery/trauma • cystic fibrosis • certain mutations of CF gene Pancreatitis (even without development of CF) • other: • hypertriglyceridemia • penetrating duodenal ulcer • some medications • cancer • viral infection Normal Physiologic Function of Exocrine Pancreas
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pancre+Fall+_11+stu - Pancreatic Disease Diseases of the...

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