study+guide+questions+diabetes+mellitus+-FINAL - Diabetes...

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1 Diabetes Mellitus Study Guide Questions (Test 3) HUN 4446 – Fall 2011 The test will consist of multiple choice questions and will include several case studies that require critical thinking skills (similar to format for tests 1 and 2). Read the case study carefully before you start to answer the questions. Please keep in mind that you will need to know the information we discussed in class well enough so that you can apply the information to different scenarios. You will need to be able to go beyond recognizing information that we discussed in class in order to do well on the test. Diabetes Mellitus: What is the function of the endocrine pancreas? Which hormones are secreted by the alpha, beta and delta cells? What are the effects of insulin in the body? What are the sources of glucose in the blood? What factors affect blood glucose regulation and concentration? The metabolism of which macronutrients is/are affected by diabetes? Compare normal structure and function of the endocrine pancreas to the changes that occur in type 1 diabetes mellitus. Describe the proposed etiology, symptoms, clinical findings and pathophysiology associated with type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Describe the proposed role of genetics and environment in the pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes mellitus. What role do genes play in susceptibility to type 1 and type 2 diabetes? Compare and contrast the pathophysiology, symptoms (i.e., polyuria, polyphagia, polydipsia, etc.) and clinical findings (i.e., ketonuria, glucosuria, etc.) associated with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Understand the underlying causes of the signs and symptoms associated with uncontrolled diabetes (for example, why are individuals with type 1 diabetes prone to developing ketoacidosis if their blood glucose concentrations are not well controlled?). Which defect(s) may contribute to altered glucose metabolism in type 2 diabetes? How does this compare to the defect(s) associated with type 1 diabetes? What risk factors are associated with diabetes? (You should be able to recognize these risk factors within a case study.) Describe the results of a study that provides evidence that nutrition plays a role in preventing or delaying the onset of diabetes in individuals at
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This note was uploaded on 11/21/2011 for the course HUN 4446 taught by Professor Mathews during the Fall '09 term at University of Florida.

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study+guide+questions+diabetes+mellitus+-FINAL - Diabetes...

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