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Study+Guide+test+1 - HUN 4446 Fall 2011 Study Guide...

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1 HUN 4446 – Fall 2011 Study Guide Questions – Test 1 September 28, 2011 The test will be multiple choice and will include several case studies that require critical thinking skills. Read the case study carefully before you start to answer the questions. Please keep in mind that you will need to know the information we discussed in class well enough so that you can apply the information to different scenarios. You will need to be able to go beyond recognizing information that we discussed in class in order to do well on the test. Nutrition and Genetics/Genomics Define/know terms: genotype, phenotype, epigenetics, allele, DNA methylation, uracil misincorporation, single nucleotide polymorphism, heterozygous, homozygous (normal; variant), etc. Demonstrate an understanding of genetics concepts and nomenclature (i.e., SNP, genotype, phenotype, epigenetic, nutrigenetics/nutrigenomics, methylation, uracil misincorporation, heterozygous, homozygous, etc.) by correctly applying these terms and concepts to answer questions about situations described in case scenarios or other situations posed in the questions. What is the significance of the MTHFR 677C T single nucleotide polymorphism in terms of chronic disease risk and NTD risk? What are the implications for nutrition practice? Analyze and interpret data and information that represent examples of nutritional genomic research findings to make predictions about disease risk, outcomes and/or appropriate nutritional recommendations. Dysphagia What is dysphagia? Odynophagia? Sitophobia? Differentiate between the categories of dysphagia. Distinguish among the potential causes of dysphagia (i.e., neurological, motor, structural/mechanical) and the related signs and symptoms associated with the various causes. Describe the methods/tests used to assess swallowing function. Describe the nutritional considerations/management recommended for patients with different types of dysphagia. Esophageal Disorders: Achalasia, GERD, etc. Describe the normal function of the esophagus and the lower esophageal sphincter (LES). What changes occur in esophageal/LES function in patients with achalasia? What is the underlying problem? What signs and symptoms occur in association with achalasia? Relate these signs and symptoms, when possible, to functional changes that occur in this disease process. How is achalasia diagnosed? CONTINUED
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2 How is achalasia treated/managed? (Address medical/surgical/ pharmacological, behavioral and nutritional treatment/management as appropriate.) What are the potential complications of various treatment strategies? What is GERD? What is the underlying etiology/pathophysiology of this disease?
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Study+Guide+test+1 - HUN 4446 Fall 2011 Study Guide...

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