African Govt Essay 2 - Ryan McGinnis African Govt and...

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Ryan McGinnis African Gov’t and Politics 10/22/2007 Legacy of Liberation The legacy of liberation in Africa has outweighed that of the legacy of colonization when looking at the contemporary political patterns of African governments. Rather than African nations evolving and expanding from institutions established from colonialism, they have managed to create and maintain their own form of government through periods known as Supremacy of Politics. Goran Hyden argues that the legacy of liberation has had more profound impact on Africa than the legacy of colonialism and that this legacy of liberation can best be characterized through the three periods of the Supremacy of Politics. Hyden’s argument is that most critics of African development have created colonialism as the entrepreneur in the developmental legacy of countries whereas Hyden believes that the countries have been formed and managed from legacies of liberation. Within his argument, Hyden is still sure to credit colonialism with the aspect that it was partly responsible for creating a structural legacy of government, rather than a legacy of agency which is the main characteristic to the development of a country through colonialism (Hyden 26). Instead of structured political parties being the forefront for the creation of African nations after the decline of colonialism, Hyden presents his Supremacy of Politics which is responsible for the creation and structuring of African nations. The three different periods of structuring were by creating a party, development and contracting state where each period focused on a different objective to satisfy the needs of the nation in order to further legitimize its government. These objectives achieved during each period of politic supremacy were responsible for constructing the contemporary political patterns of African governments. 1
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The party state, which lasted from 1955-1968, was a nationalist liberating movement where Africans focused and gathered their political resources under specific ideals, primarily revolutionary-centralized principles (Hyden 28). These revolutionary ideals were established among the populace after decolonization. The responsibility of creating a party state was to institute order. Political parties were important after decolonization in liberating and uniting citizens because the parties were able to create a commonality amongst all Africans, by creating a common enemy against the European countries that were previously colonizing the African
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This note was uploaded on 11/21/2011 for the course ORGANIZATI 201 taught by Professor Pope during the Spring '11 term at Ashford University.

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African Govt Essay 2 - Ryan McGinnis African Govt and...

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