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National Security Final - McGinnis 1 Memo To Professor...

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McGinnis 1 Memo To: Professor Zanotti From: Ryan McGinnis Date: May 5 th , 2009 Subject: National Security Final INTRODUCTION The 21 st century has posed many interesting problems in regards to national security. Under the Obama administration, two of the most important issues revolving around national security deal with the involvement of the U.S in combating and defeating al Qaeda and Islamic terrorism and the drug violence on the U.S-Mexico border. These two issues pose tough challenges for the Obama administration to combat in order to develop a new method of foreign and domestic policy to strengthen the security of the United States. In order to understand the issues revolving around foreign policy in regards to terrorism and the U.S-Mexico border violence, one must understand the methods and implementations of U.S national security from the past. U.S NATIONAL SECURITY In order to preserve the national security of the United States under the Obama administration, a common understanding of national security and former U.S foreign policy must be understood. Security in itself is the protection of values within society (Zanotti 1/22/2009). The idea of protecting the core values of Americans is the primary goal that U.S National Security seeks to implement. For Americans to feel safe that their values are being protected, national security aims to create the utopian ideals of Americans by safeguarding what we hold most dear (Wolfers 484). National security focuses on working with other nations in order to preserve and implement our own system of values. In the case of the United States, the values that our nation wishes to implement both on itself and to other nations around the world are the fundamental truths of democracy. In order to preserve our nation from being perverted by the horrors of different political ideologies, Americans feel that democracy should be imbued on other nations even if they do not want to be democratic states. In the past, this has posed a problem primarily with developing countries that have tended to lead more towards the communist and socialist side of the political spectrum. During the Cold War, the United States entered the Conflict with Vietnam in order to establish a mode of democracy in South-East Asia and in order to combat the rising tide of communism on a global scale. Americans were afraid of what the rise of communism would do to their democratic way of life. In regards to foreign policy, the United States felt that if Vietnam were to fall to under the banner of a communist nation that the rest of South-East Asia would then also fall. This theory was known as the Domino Theory and was the
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McGinnis 2 driving force for U.S foreign policy during the Cold War era (Schmitz 21). However, what the foreign policy of the United States did not fully understand with the Conflict in Vietnam was that the transition of the nation to a communist state was not because the Vietnamese people were siding against democracy and were in favor of a global Soviet agenda. The Vietnamese saw the
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