is an international coffee and coffeehouse chain based in
Starbucks is the largest coffeehouse company in the world, with 17,133 stores in 49
countries, including 11,068 in the United States, nearly 1,000 in Canada and more
than 800 in Japan.
Starbucks sells drip brewed coffee, espresso-based hot drinks, other hot and cold
drinks, coffee beans, salads, hot and cold sandwiches and panini, pastry, snacks, and
items such as mugs and tumblers.
company also markets books, music, and film. Many of the company's products are
seasonal or specific to the locality of the store. Starbucks-brand ice cream and coffee
are also offered at grocery stores.
From Starbucks' founding in later forms in Seattle as a local coffee bean roaster and
retailer, the company has expanded rapidly. In the 1990s, Starbucks was opening a
new store every workday, a pace that continued into the 2000s. The first store outside
the United States or Canada opened in the mid-'90s, and overseas stores now
constitute almost one third of Starbucks' stores. The company planned to open a net of
900 new stores outside of the United States in 2009, but has announced 900 store
closures in the United States since 2008.
Starbucks has been a target of protests on issues such as fair-trade policies, labor
relations, environmental impact, political views, and anti-competitive practices.
The first Starbucks was opened in Seattle, Washington, on March 30, 1971 by three
partners: English teacher Jerry Baldwin, history teacher Zev Siegl, and writer Gordon
Bowker. The three were inspired by entrepreneur Alfred Peet (whom they knew