L2.3 - Real-World Memory (Jul-27)

L2.3 - Real-World Memory (Jul-27) - Creating False Memories...

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Psychology C120: Lecture 2.3 — Real-World Memory Creating False Memories ! ! Presented lists of words related to one idea ! Tested recall and recognition memory, including lure ! Lure recalled and recognized at high rate ! High conFdence of having seen before 22 hot snow warm winter ice wet frigid chilly heat weather freeze air shiver Arctic frost cold Psychology C120: Lecture 2.3 — Real-World Memory Creating False Memories ! CogLab: variation with only recognition judgments (N = 66) ! Filled-in information hard to distinguish from learned information 23 Original List Normal Distractor Lure Distractor Percent Selected 0 20 40 60 Psychology C120: Lecture 2.3 — Real-World Memory Psychology C120: Lecture 2.3 Real-World Memory Prologue Background Knowledge Reconstructive Recall Memory Problems 24 Psychology C120: Lecture 2.3 — Real-World Memory Real-World Problems 25 What it is What it shows Flashbulb Memories Vivid memory for emotional events Criterion problem; Problems with conFdence Misinformation Effect Misleading questions bias recall Suggestibility Recovered Memories Recovery (?) of “repressed” memories All
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Psychology C120: Lecture 2.3 — Real-World Memory Flashbulb Memories ! ! People recall more about traumatic events ! Would be evolutionarily adaptive, suggests
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L2.3 - Real-World Memory (Jul-27) - Creating False Memories...

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