{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

L3.1 - Reasoning (Aug-5)

L3.1 - Reasoning (Aug-5) - Evaluating Evidence Mental...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Psychology C120: Lecture 3.1 — Reasoning Evaluating Evidence ! Koehler (1993) — people evaluate scientific studies in ways biased toward their preferred conclusion ! Kuhn (1997) — people disregard (explain away) evidence contradicting their beliefs ! Is this rational? ! May not be be irrational to question evidence that disagrees with strongly held beliefs (Koehler, 1993) 43 Psychology C120: Lecture 3.1 — Reasoning Mental Models ! Mental model — causal information used to understand how things work ! Often theory-driven, not based on evidence ! Example: Thermostats (Kempton, 1986) ! Model 1: Accelerator ! Model 2: Switch ! People with accelerator model have higher heating bills, fiddle with thermostat more! 44 Psychology C120: Lecture 3.1 — Reasoning Entity-Incremental Theory ! Dweck, C.S., & Leggett, E. L. (1988). A Social–Cognitive Approach to Motivation and Personality. Psychological Review, 95 (2), 256-273. ! See also, “The Secret to Raising Smart Kids”, Scientific American Mind , Nov. 2007.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}