L3.1 - Reasoning (Aug-5) - Evaluating Evidence Mental...

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Psychology C120: Lecture 3.1 — Reasoning Evaluating Evidence ! Koehler (1993) — people evaluate scientifc studies in ways biased toward their preFerred conclusion ! Kuhn (1997) — people disregard (explain away) evidence contradicting their belieFs ! Is this rational? ! May not be be irrational to question evidence that disagrees with strongly held belieFs (Koehler, 1993) 43 Psychology C120: Lecture 3.1 — Reasoning Mental Models ! Mental model — causal information used to understand how things work ! OFten theory-driven, not based on evidence ! Example: Thermostats (Kempton, 1986) ! Model 1: Accelerator ! Model 2: Switch ! People with accelerator model have higher heating bills, Fddle with thermostat more! 44 Psychology C120: Lecture 3.1 — Reasoning Entity-Incremental Theory ! Dweck, C.S., & Leggett, E. L. (1988). A Social–Cognitive Approach to Motivation and Personality. Psychological Review, 95 (2), 256-273. ! See also, “The Secret to Raising Smart Kids”,
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This note was uploaded on 11/22/2011 for the course PSYCH 120 taught by Professor Hald during the Summer '09 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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L3.1 - Reasoning (Aug-5) - Evaluating Evidence Mental...

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