Treating Psychology 3,6

Treating Psychology 3,6 - Treating Psychology Psychological...

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Treating Psychology April 20, 2011 Psychological Therapies - Psychodynamic theraphy- A more modern version of psychoanalysis Places emphasis on current problems rather than psychosexual matter from childhoos Interpersonal therphy focuses on the clients social relations Humanistic Therapies Carl Rogers- really changed the approach of therphy- no focus on unconscious desires like psychodynamic Focuses on group theraphy and personal growth- talking to individuals that creates a forum of support and makes ppl realize that tey are not alone. Separates who you think you are and who you want to me and they is a problem to why people go to theraphy and that these two concepts are important for understanding. Very clience cententric – don’t refer to clincents as patients- listened and cliencent is taking intiative and not led by the theraphest Behavioral Approach Used for all sort of issues Seeks to change patients behavior directly Draws on principles of classical and operant conditioning and observational learning Not looking at changing behavioral patterns (exposure theraphy)- obsrvatoinsl and conditional learning has been used for theraphy One classical condition techniques is exposure theraphy (heirchy of exposure- increasing exposued to stimilu and wait to anxiety to decrease – everntualy get through all the stages and you will become comfortable with) One operant conditioning techniques is the ise of token economies (if people behave in certain ‘postive’ ways they will get tockens that can be translated into credits and can be used in varies was and the individ considers tokens valuable- a reward system in real place) One observationsl learning techniques is modeling ( children observing aggressive behavior- ppl will actually model the behavior of others- so children can be exposed to adults being very nice and treating ppl right) Cognitive-Bahavior Theraphy Useful for depression and interfere in the negative thought patterns- break cycle and structure in a more positive way Seek to change beliefs and mode of thinking Cognitive therapists often combine the reversal of self-defeating thinking with efforts to modify behavior Combination of theraphy and anti-depressants- not always used in isolation but an integrated context Eclecticism Take aspects of different approaches Is psychotherapy Effective
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Does the patient sense improvement?- Does the therapist feel that patient has imporivemnt How do third parties feel about improvement -- define improvement Client’s and clinician’s perceptions Clients tend to overestimate its effectiveness. Critics however remain skeptical—time ,
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