Intro to Motivation 3,2

Intro to Motivation 3,2 - Intro to Motivation 3 April 4...

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Intro to Motivation 3 April 4, 2011 Motivation is relavent to everyday life- why do we eat the thing we eat, attracted to the ppl we are attracted to Cultural perspective- aggression and world fare Motivation is goal orientated- if you are hungry try to get something to eat- in some situations you might me motivated to do things that you are not normally motivated to do. Cutting arm off to survive (surivial was the great motivation) Motivational states- instincts are complex bahaviors that have fixed patterens- how can we identify something as an instinct and relate it to motives Maslows Hierarchy of needs- basic needs then you have hierarchy needs you can address- a very human approach- this very much looks at humans looking up to their potiential- qualities and motives that are not characterized with other speicies Diversity of Motives Pain matrix- a distributed set of brain regions including the thalamus and anterios cingulated cortec- ppl try to avoid pain- if you are hungry pp will eat- some areas are centered around pleasure- Las Vegas- ppl seek pleasure Homosetous – body will maintain their own tempature- sweat- these things will occur without us noticing Hunger- we need to feel hungry in order to satifiy that need- Hoeostatic mechnisns also play a crusical role in the control of eating—we have a set point- a certain weight in which the weight flunctuates- there is some biological underpinngin in how much we eat—we do not overeat- we just achieve our set wegith- certain parts of the brain that contribute—Hypothalamic- interest in hunger- bring hunger- Ventomedial hypothalamus depresses hunger (stimulation). Destroy it and the animal wars excessively. Areas of our brain is very important and influcne to what extent we will eat (will die if you do not eat) Taste preferences: Biology or Culture- body chemisty and environmental factors together infliece not only when we feel hunger but what we feel hingry for- ingredients for coke vary from ares- sweeter- Countriers with hot climates use more bacteria inhibiting spies in meat dishes – hotter tempture foster bacteria so the speices make food healthery and safer Obesity increases risk and health issues like cardiovascular diseas, diabetes hypertension, arthritis, and back problems o Genetically rooted differences in set point or metabolic efficiency o In some ppl may represent the operation of ‘thrifty genes’ helpful in ancient times when food was scarce- hoard food o Twin study- overfed them- weight gain was correlated—there is a genetic componene o Leptin—a chemical that seems to signal that plenty of fat is stored and that no more fat is needed.This signal may diminish eating o Location matters- highways Aggression- can be any physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt or destroy whether done reactively out of hostility or proactively as a calculated means to an end-
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Biology of aggression- o Three levels of biological influences on aggressive behavior are- Neural influences- some centers in the brain are intimately involved with
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Intro to Motivation 3,2 - Intro to Motivation 3 April 4...

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