Unformatted text preview: 17
17 Malnutrition: Symptoms of this type of malnutrition in
alcoholism include: Weight loss Fatigue and irritability Loss of appetite Skin and hair change color.
Treatment would involve increasing
calories and nutrients in the diet.
18 B-Vitamin Deficiency
Vitamin Deficiencies in the alcoholic are
thought to be due to Dietary restriction due
to GI disturbances. Changes in the GI tract
are due to drinking in excess and interfere
with absorption and utilization of many
nutrients. The most common B vitamin
deficiencies in alcoholics are thiamin (B1),
Folate, and Riboflavin (B2).
This kind of Vitamin deficiency can be
dangerous and eventually lead to brain
damage unless treated accordingly. 19
19 Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
Also called: Wernicke's disease, alcoholic
WK is a brain disorder caused by a lack of
thiamin (Vitamin B-1).
Although it is mostly seen in alcoholics, WK can
also be seen in people with
dietary deficiencies, eating disorders, prolonged
vomiting or people
undergoing chemotherapy (9). 20
20 Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome (WK)
A person experiencing this disorder may develop
the following symptoms:
the Mental confusion Vision impairment Hypotension Ataxia (inability to use voluntary muscles) Coma
Treatment includes proper nutrition, hydration
and re administering (via IV) of
Vitamin B-1. Most symptoms can be reversed if
detected early. 21
21 Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) Fetal alcohol syndrome is a condition caused by a
prenatal exposure to
alcohol. It is one of the maj...
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- Winter '11