PUBH 1517 - Nutrition in Pregnancy & Infancy 1

PUBH 1517 - Nutrition in Pregnancy & Infancy 1 -...

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Nutrition in Pregnancy & Infancy
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Nutritional Preparation for Pregnancy Important for mother to be well-nourished at conception due to rapid & significant developmental changes that occur in the embryo early in pregnancy Men who drink too much alcohol or consume too little vitamin C in the weeks prior to conception may sustain damage to sperm’s genetic material (limited evidence)
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Importance of Birthweight Infant birthweight is most potent single indicator of infant’s future health status Low-birthweight = < 5.5 pounds Nearly 40 times more likely to die in first year of life Underweight woman who fails to gain enough weight during pregnancy is most likely to bear baby with low birthweight
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Risks Associated with Excess Prepregnancy Weight Larger than normal infant Late birth May increase risk of neural tube defects Increased incidence of gestational diabetes, hypertension, & infections after birth Birth more likely to require labor induction or surgical intervention
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PUBH 1517 - Nutrition in Pregnancy &amp;amp; Infancy 1 -...

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