PUBH 1517 - Osteoporosis - Osteoporosis Risk Factors with...

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Osteoporosis
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Risk Factors with High Correlation Advanced age; postmenopausal Alcohol abuse Anorexia nervosa Caucasian or East Asian Chronic steroid use Female gender Rheumatoid arthritis Surgical removal of ovaries or testes Underweight (< 120 lbs) or weight loss
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Risk Factors with Moderate Correlation Chronic thyroid hormone use Cigarette smoking Diabetes (type 1) Early menopause Excessive antacid use Family history Low-calcium diet Sedentary lifestyle or immobility Vitamin D deficiency
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Probable Risk Factors, but Unproven Caffeine use High fiber diet High protein diet High sodium diet
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Protective Factors High Correlation African American Estrogens, long-term use Moderate Correlation Having given birth High body weight High calcium diet (meets recommendations) Regular physical activity Probably Important but Unproven Adequate Vitamin K Adequate magnesium
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Age and Osteoporosis Age is strongest predictor of bone density 90% of hip fractures in the U.S. occur in people over age 50 With age, the cells that build bone gradually
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PUBH 1517 - Osteoporosis - Osteoporosis Risk Factors with...

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