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Unformatted text preview: 1. List 4 tools with which food intake data can be gathered. 24-hour recall; food frequency questionnaire; food records; direct observation 2. In facilities that serve food the ________ prescribes the client's diet and writes the diet order into the ________. physician, medical record 3. List some notable foods and food components that can affect medication metabolism. grapefruit juice; vitamin K 4. Which groups of individuals are most likely to benefit from high-fiber tube feedings? persons with diarrhea or constipation; those who must have tube feedings for long periods; persons with elevated blood sugar 5. Why does central TPN present a greater risk of introducing disease-causing microorganisms into the bloodstream than peripherally-inserted catheters? because the catheter is inserted so near to the heart 6. If nutrients are introduced too rapidly following stress, what severe complications may develop? malabsorption; cardiac insufficiency; respiratory distress; congestive heart failure; convulsions; coma; death; hyperglycemia; fluid and electrolyte imbalances 7. Without appropriate adjustments in diet, what might people with persistent chewing or swallowing problems do? Eat too little, lose too much weight, and suffer the consequences of a deteriorating nutrition status. 8. Briefly describe the following laboratory test used in evaluating nutrient absorption: fecal fat. Fecal fat is a direct test of absorption of fat and involves chemical analysis of a stool collection for a specific period of time. Dietary intake of fat must be analyzed for the same time range as the stool collection to determine the percentage of malabsorbed fat. 9. What is the appropriate nutrition intervention for people with bleeding esophageal varices? They are unable to consume food by mouth and are often given simple intravenous solutions to maintain fluid and electrolyte balances. 10. Even moderate weight loss in people with type 2 diabetes can help to do what? reverse insulin resistance; improve the blood lipid profile; reduce blood pressure 11. What happens when an atherosclerotic plaque invades an artery and enlarges? Plaques stiffen the arteries and narrow the passages through them; the restricted blood flow to the heart muscle limits the delivery of oxygen. Blood pressure rises since arteries cannot expand. If plaque is large enough, it can block blood flow to the heart muscle, resulting in a heart attack, or to the brain, resulting in a stroke....
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- Winter '11