MICR 1531 Norms Notes - Midterm

MICR 1531 Norms Notes - Midterm - NormsNotes Bacteriology...

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Unformatted text preview: NormsNotes Bacteriology & Virology "Microbiology I" MICR2202 Lecture Midterm Dr. Shahla Abghari, Ph.D 'Teacherisms' : All lecture exams will have questions from the lab. Dr. Abghari likes to see us during office hours - if you have questions make sure to go ask. She will help you understand the material. Keep your assigned seat. Bring a copy of your ID by the fIrst session of second week. t. MICROBIOLOGY A. Definition- specialized area of biology that studies living things ordinarily too small to be seen without magnification. Size is the only difference between general biology and microbiology. Microbiology requires the use of a microscope. B. Diversity of the microbial world.- What do we call these tiny living organisms (general terms)? Scientists call them microbes or microorganisms. Lay people generally refer to them as "germs" or 'bugs', 1. The four major biological groups of microorganisms that Microbiologists study is: a:) bacteria Microbiology 1- Page 2 b:) fungi c:) protozoa d~~) algae Cyanooacteria '\ / , DiversitY' olthe microbial world C. Branches of microbiology 1. Bacteriology- The bacteria - the smallest, simplest single- celled organisms 2. Mycologv - The fungi - a group of organisms that includes· both microscopic forms (molds and yeast) and larger forms (mushrooms). Microbiologists only study the small ones. 3. Protozoology- The protozoa - animal-like and mostly single- celled organisms 4. Virology - Vinlses - minute, non-cellular particles that parasites living things 5. Parasitologv- Parasitism and parasitic organisms- traditionally including pathogenic protozoa, helminth worms, and certain insects. Parasites are microorganisms, which need to live on other living organisms. 6. Phvcology or Algology - Simple aquatic organisms called algae, ranging from single celled forms to large seaweed 7. Microbial Morphology- The detailed structure of . . rnicroorgalllsrns NormsNo/cs Microbiology I - Page 3 8. Microbial Physiology - Microbial function (metabolism) at the cellular and molecular levels 9. Microbial Taxonomv - classification, naming and identification of microorganisms 10. Microbial Genetics, Molecular Biology - The ftmction of genetic material and the biochemical reactions of cells involved in metabolism and growth 11. Microbial Ecology - Interrelationships between microbes and the environment; the roles of microorganisms in the nutrient cycles of soil, water and other natural communities 7. 5. 4. 2. Applied Microbiologv- areas of study related to microbiology 1. Immunology- studies of the body's defense that protects against infection Epidemiology- studies how to monitor (keep records) and control the spread of disease in communities Food Microbiology - studies the role of microbes, both beneficial and harmful in consumable food and drink Dairy Microbiology - studies the role of microbes, both beneficial and harmful in consumable dairy related food Agricultural Microbiology - studies the relationships between microbes and crops, with an emphasis on improving...
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This note was uploaded on 11/21/2011 for the course MICR 1531 taught by Professor Shahlaabghari during the Winter '11 term at Life Chiropractic College West.

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MICR 1531 Norms Notes - Midterm - NormsNotes Bacteriology...

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