Basic Sociological Research Concepts

Basic Sociological Research Concepts - Basic Sociological...

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Basic Sociological Research Concepts An investigator begins a research study after evolving ideas from a specific  theory , which is an  integrated set of statements for explaining various phenomena. Because a theory is too general to  test, the investigator devises a  hypothesis , or testable prediction, from the theory, and tests this  instead. The results of the research study either disprove or do not disprove the hypothesis. If  disproved, the investigator cannot make predictions based on the hypothesis, and must question the  accuracy of the theory. If not disproved, the scientist can make predictions based on the hypothesis.  A goal of sociological research is to discover the similarities, differences, patterns, and trends of a  given  population . Members of a population who participate in a study are  subjects  or  respondents . When the characteristics of a 
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This note was uploaded on 11/21/2011 for the course SOCI 101 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '09 term at Texas State.

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