Causes and Effects of Poverty

Causes and Effects of Poverty - Causes and Effects of...

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Causes and Effects of Poverty Any discussion of social class and mobility would be incomplete without a discussion of  poverty which is defined as the lack of the minimum food and shelter necessary for maintaining life. More  specifically, this condition is known as  absolute poverty . Today it is estimated that more than 35  million Americans—approximately 14 percent of the population—live in poverty. Of course, like all  other social science statistics, these are not without controversy. Other estimates of poverty in the  United States range from 10 percent to 21 percent, depending on one's political leanings. This is why  many sociologists prefer a  relative,  rather than an  absolute , definition of poverty. According to the  definition of  relative poverty , the poor are those who lack what is needed by most Americans to live  decently because they earn less than half of the nation's median income. By this standard, around 
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