Karl Marx - predicted that the laborers are not selectively...

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Karl Marx Not everyone has shared Spencer's vision of societal harmony and stability. Chief  among those who disagreed was the German political philosopher and economist  Karl  Marx  (1818–1883), who observed society's exploitation of the poor by the rich and  powerful. Marx argued that Spencer's healthy societal “organism” was a falsehood.  Rather than interdependence and stability, Marx claimed that social conflict, especially  class conflict, and competition mark all societies.  The class of capitalists that Marx called the  bourgeoisie  particularly enraged him.  Members of the bourgeoisie own the means of production and exploit the class of  laborers, called the  proletariat , who do not own the means of production. Marx believed  that the very natures of the bourgeoisie and the proletariat inescapably lock the two  classes in conflict. But he then took his ideas of class conflict one step further: He 
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Unformatted text preview: predicted that the laborers are not selectively “unfit,” but are destined to overthrow the capitalists. Such a class revolution would establish a “class-free” society in which all people work according to their abilities and receive according to their needs. Unlike Spencer, Marx believed that economics, not natural selection, determines the differences between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. He further claimed that a society's economic system decides peoples' norms, values, mores, and religious beliefs, as well as the nature of the society's political, governmental, and educational systems. Also unlike Spencer, Marx urged people to take an active role in changing society rather than simply trusting it to evolve positively on its own....
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This note was uploaded on 11/21/2011 for the course SOCI 101 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '09 term at Texas State.

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