{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Karl Marx - predicted that the laborers are not selectively...

Info icon This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Karl Marx Not everyone has shared Spencer's vision of societal harmony and stability. Chief  among those who disagreed was the German political philosopher and economist  Karl  Marx  (1818–1883), who observed society's exploitation of the poor by the rich and  powerful. Marx argued that Spencer's healthy societal “organism” was a falsehood.  Rather than interdependence and stability, Marx claimed that social conflict, especially  class conflict, and competition mark all societies.  The class of capitalists that Marx called the  bourgeoisie  particularly enraged him.  Members of the bourgeoisie own the means of production and exploit the class of  laborers, called the  proletariat , who do not own the means of production. Marx believed  that the very natures of the bourgeoisie and the proletariat inescapably lock the two  classes in conflict. But he then took his ideas of class conflict one step further: He 
Image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: predicted that the laborers are not selectively “unfit,” but are destined to overthrow the capitalists. Such a class revolution would establish a “class-free” society in which all people work according to their abilities and receive according to their needs. Unlike Spencer, Marx believed that economics, not natural selection, determines the differences between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. He further claimed that a society's economic system decides peoples' norms, values, mores, and religious beliefs, as well as the nature of the society's political, governmental, and educational systems. Also unlike Spencer, Marx urged people to take an active role in changing society rather than simply trusting it to evolve positively on its own....
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern