Politics and Major Political Structure

Politics and Major Political Structure - modern...

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Politics and Major Political Structure Politics  is the social structure and methods used to manage a government or state. Just as varying  types of economic theories and systems exist, many varying political theories and systems exist as  well.  The political system in use depends upon the nation-state. A  nation  is a people with common  customs, origin, history, or language. A  state , on the other hand, is a political entity with legitimate  claim to monopolize use of force through police, military, and so forth. The term  nation-state  refers  to a political entity with the legitimate claim to monopolize use of force over a people with common  customs, origin, history, or language. Sociologists and political scientists prefer the term nation-state  to “country” because it is more precise.  While many different political structures have existed throughout history, three major forms exist in 
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Unformatted text preview: modern nation-states: totalitarianism, authoritarianism, and democracy. Totalitarianism Totalitarianism is a political system that exercises near complete control over its citizens' lives and tolerates no opposition. Information is restricted or denied by complete control of mass media, close monitoring of citizens and visitors, and forbidding the gathering of groups for political purposes opposed to the state. Constant political propaganda, such as signs, posters, and media that focus the populace on the virtues of the government, characterizes these nation states. Obviously, some totalitarian governments maintain more extreme laws than others do. Totalitarian nation-states include North Korea, Chile, many African and Middle Eastern nations, Vietnam, and others....
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This note was uploaded on 11/21/2011 for the course SOCI 101 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '09 term at Texas State.

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