Social and Personality Growth: Age 7–11Erikson's primary developmental task of middle childhood is to attain industry, or the feeling of social competence. Competition (for example, athletics and daredevil activities) and numerous social adjustments (trying to make and keep friends) mark this developmental stage. Successfully developing industry helps the child build self-esteem, which in turn builds the self-confidence necessary to form lasting and effective social relationships. Self-concept in middle childhoodMost boys and girls in middle childhood develop a positive sense of self-understanding, self-definition, and self-control, especially when their parents, teachers, and friends demonstrate regard for and emotionally support them, and when children themselves feel competent. When lacking in
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