Sociology in America

Sociology in America - poverty, juvenile delinquency, and...

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Sociology in America Sociology made its way from Europe to the United States by the turn of the 20th century.  Like their European predecessors and counterparts, early American sociologists  attempted to understand and solve the problems of their day, including crime, racial  problems, and economic woes. But unlike the Europeans, who were more interested in  forming large-scale social theories, American sociologists tried to develop pragmatic  solutions to specific problems, such as child labor. Jane Addams and Hull House Jane Addams  (1860–1935) was a preeminent founder of American sociology. She set  up her Chicago-based “Hull House” as a center for sociological research. Most of the  sociologists at Hull House were women who enjoyed applying sociological knowledge to  solve social problems such as unfair labor policies, exploitation of children and workers, 
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Unformatted text preview: poverty, juvenile delinquency, and discrimination against women, minorities, and the elderly. These sociologists also used a research technique known as mapping , in which they collected demographic data such as age, gender, and socioeconomic status, geographically distributed this information, and then analyzed the distribution. After identifying problems and devising a social-action policy based on available data, they would organize community members and lobby political leaders to solve the problem. Addams, who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1931, played a major part in establishing government safety and health standards and regulations, as well as founding important government programs, including Social Security, Workers' Compensation, and the Children's Bureau....
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