Types of Societies

Types of Societies - Types of Societies

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Types of Societies Although humans have established many types of societies throughout history, sociologists and  anthropologists (experts who study early and tribal cultures) usually refer to six basic types of  societies, each defined by its level of technology. Hunting and gathering societies The members of  hunting and gathering societies  primarily survive by hunting animals, fishing, and  gathering plants. The vast majority of these societies existed in the past, with only a few (perhaps a  million people total) living today on the verge of extinction.  To survive, early human societies completely depended upon their immediate environment. When  the animals left the area, the plants died, or the rivers dried up, the society had to relocate to an area  where resources were plentiful. Consequently, hunting and gathering societies, which were typically  small, were quite mobile. In some cases, where resources in a locale were extraordinarily plentiful, 
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This note was uploaded on 11/21/2011 for the course SOCI 101 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '09 term at Texas State.

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