Urbanization and Its Historical Stages

Urbanization and Its Historical Stages - Urbanization and...

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Urbanization and Its Historical Stages By the early 1900s both Great Britain and the United States had become predominantly urbanized  nations; since that time, urbanization has been occurring around the globe at a rapid rate. Today, as  many as 50 percent of the world's population lives in urban areas, compared to only a few percent  just 200 years ago. Sociologists studying urbanization trends note three distinct historical stages in the development of  cities:  preindustrial, industrial,  and  metropolitan-megalopolitan  stages.  Preindustrial cities For the vast majority of human history, as far as anyone knows, people roamed about in search of  sustenance. While they gathered edible plants, fished, and hunted, our ancestors could never find  enough food in one area to sustain themselves for an extended period of time. Consequently, they  had to keep moving until they could find another place in which to settle temporarily. Eventual technological improvements—such as simple tools and information on how to farm and 
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This note was uploaded on 11/21/2011 for the course SOCI 101 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '09 term at Texas State.

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