CHAPTER 7 notes

CHAPTER 7 notes - CHAPTER 7 Learning: Any relatively...

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CHAPTER 7 Learning: Any relatively permanent change in behavior brought about through experience (new attitudes, fears, personalities, skills, ways of solving problems, etc.) Ivan Pavlov: Russian physiologist who made an accidental learning discovery in the 20 th century. He measured the amount of saliva dogs produced as well as the saliva’s role in digestion. Originally developed Pavlovian conditioning which is now known as classical conditioning. Classical conditioning is a form of learning through association Unconditioned stimulus: Stimulus that can elicit a response without any learning. (meat powder) Unconditioned response: unlearned, inborn reaction to an unconditioned stimulus. (Salivation) Conditioned stimulus: stimulus that comes to elicit responses as a result of being paired with an unconditioned stimulus. (meat powder when paired with the metronome, the neutral stimulus) Conditioned response: Response that is similar or identical to the unconditioned response that comes to be elicited by a conditioned stimulus. (Salivation) Classical conditioning: form of learning in which previously neutral stimulus is paired with an unconditioned stimulus to elicit a conditioned response that is identical to or very similar to the unconditioned response. (form of learning not because a new behavior has been learned but because old behavior can be elicited by a new stimulus) John B. Watson used classical conditioning in 1920 on Baby Albert. Baby Albert was not initially scared of rats but when paired with a loud noise he was conditioned to be afraid of the rat. Counterconditioning: Process of eliminating a classically conditioned response by pairing the CS with a UCS for a response that is stronger than the CR and cannot occur at the same time as the CR. Operant conditioning:
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This note was uploaded on 11/22/2011 for the course PSYC 2004 taught by Professor Dmharris during the Fall '06 term at Virginia Tech.

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CHAPTER 7 notes - CHAPTER 7 Learning: Any relatively...

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