CHAPTER 8 notes - CHAPTER 8 Flashbulb memory memories of...

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CHAPTER 8 Flashbulb memory: memories of intense and dramatic events (9/11, natural disasters) Encode: to represent information in some form in the memory system (sound, visual image, meaning used in the next stages of memory. Stage theory of memory: A model of memory based on the idea that we store information in three separate but linked memories (three stage memory that meets our need to store info for different lengths of time) Sensory register: The first stage of memory, in which an exact image of each sensory experience is held briefly until it can be processed. (designed to hold an exact image until it is processed to the next stage) Short-term memory: the second stage of memory, in which five to nine bits of information can be stored for brief periods of time (does not have to be intentionally, just paying attention to a sensory experience can be enough. STM involves chunking and rehearsing. Typically remembers a list of seven plus or minus two like a phone number) Rehearsal: mental repetition of info to retain it longer in short-term memory. (remembered when repeated but lost when not). Chunks: units of memory (categorizing based on similarities, sections, use of hyphens, etc) Long-term memory: The third stage of memory, involving the storage of information that is kept for long periods of time. (appears to be permanent but can be lost over time, first integrated in the hippocampus and then transferred to the areas of the cerebral cortex involved in language and perception) Procedural memory: memory for motor movements and skills. (how to ride a bike, remember how to play guitar when holding one)
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