Biological - Unfortunately the measures and scales are...

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In recent years, ecological anthros and others have become very interested in the degree to which cultural diversity might interact with biological diversity, each facilitating the other The Maffi (2005) article reviews a lot of this literature; here I expand on some of her points, and add a few additional ones Basically, I address 2 related questions: 2) If so, what might account for this correlation? Various recent studies (see Maffi 2001, Maffi 2005) examine relation between cultural & biological diversity Most of these studies use language diversity as a proxy for cultural diversity (e.g., the more languages native to a different area, the higher the diversity score) Most find some positive relationships: for example, both are highest in tropical/subtropical areas, and both are highest along coastlines
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Unformatted text preview: Unfortunately, the measures and scales are often crude, with the most common pattern being to a) measure biodiversity by species richness (# of species of some type in an area, e.g., mammals), b) measure cultural diversity by language richness (# of languages in an area), and c) tabulate both kinds of diversity at the country scale (e.g., Wilcox & Duin 1995) A slightly more sophisticated version is to focus on endemic species and languages (meaning those only found in the given area) (Harmon 1996) A handful of studies measure diversity on a continuous scale (e.g., per unit area) rather than at national or regional scales (e.g., Moore et al. 2002; Sutherland 2003) Thus, the rigorous measurement of biodiversity & cultural diversity correlation is in its infancy; unfortunately, the objects of study are going extinct at an alarming rate (Sutherland 2003; Maffi 2005)...
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