Ethnoecological Researc1

Ethnoecological Researc1 - However, in pre-scientific...

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Ethnoecological Research As a means of coordinating the UW curriculum in ecol. anthro, I follow a certain division of labor between this course and the course on Ethnobiology (ANTH 458) Among other things, this means that ethnoecology gets short shrift in ANTH 457 while it is central to 458; nevertheless, for internal completeness it's necessary to pay some attention to ethnoecology here Our assigned readings discusses some key concepts of ethnoecology, plus summarizing some representative studies, but there is a large literature on this (hence, ANTH 458) A fundamental assumption of ethnoecology is that humans perceive and act on their environments on the basis of culturally-derived beliefs and goals For example, Gadgil et al. (1993) argue that "Models of how the world functions as well as prescriptions on how to manipulate it are inevitably linked to any society's worldview.
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Unformatted text preview: However, in pre-scientific societies such models and prescriptions are much more closely integrated with religious and moral belief systems, so that knowledge, practice and beliefs co-evolve." (p 151) This is quite similar to Rappaport's views, though ethnoecologists generally utilize more formal models and methods from cognitive & semiotic (symbolic communication) theory Vayda & Rappaport (among others) have raised some criticisms of ethnoecological approach: 1. Ethnoecology leaves out environmental processes that are not understood or conceptualized by actors. 2. Studying people's cognitive models does not answer questions about cultural adaptation and the origins of their beliefs. 3. Verbal accounts may be post-hoc rationalizations (deception or self-deception)....
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This note was uploaded on 11/22/2011 for the course ANT ANT2000 taught by Professor Monicaoyola during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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