GROUP SIZE - used the same explanatory principles to answer...

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GROUP SIZE Intro A fundamental aspect of the ecology of any species is the pattern of spatial aggregation or dispersion of its individual members: Do individuals clump into large groups (like starlings) or spread out as solitaries or pairs (like spotted owls)? Do they aggressively defend fixed territories against other members of their species (like gibbons) or do they move freely over the landscape seeking resources wherever they can find them (like caribou)? Ecologists want to do more than simply catalogue these various patterns of spatial organization; they want to explain them using principles of ecological adaptation Students of human ecology have asked some of the same questions, and some have
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Unformatted text preview: used the same explanatory principles to answer them; in addition, various social sciences concerned with systems of land tenure and property rules have developed related theory and bodies of data that are influential in ecological anthropology Here and in the subsequent lecture notes, I survey some of these issues, specifically: 1) What principles govern variation in group size (task groups, settlements, etc)? 2) What are the major forms of land tenure , and why do they vary? 3) What is the "tragedy of the commons," and what methods have people developed to avoid it?...
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This note was uploaded on 11/22/2011 for the course ANT ANT2000 taught by Professor Monicaoyola during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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