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Human Niche Diversity - Human Niche Diversity Theories of...

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Human Niche Diversity Theories of niche (such as CEP & related models) primarily designed to analyze interactions between different species; but of course anthropologists are interested primarily in niche differences within a single species ( Homo sapiens ) Because of cultural flexibility (and technology), humans are able to occupy extremely wide range of environments, and to adopt extremely wide range of niches Furthermore, specific human groups can become highly specialized in ways of utilizing env. (i.e., niche), and use the same env. in different ways (either sequentially, via cultural change/evolution, or simultaneously, as in Swat case analyzed by Barth--see below) This has led many ecological anthropologists to argue that each human population or culture has its own distinctive niche However, different cultures are not the same as different species, since they can 1) interbreed, 2) borrow traits, or even 3) merge into single population
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