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Kung Birth Spacin1

Kung Birth Spacin1 - !Kung Birth Spacing These points are...

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!Kung Birth Spacing These points are well illustrated in the case of !Kung San reproductive strategy !Kung San (also known as Ju/'hoansi) are hunter-gatherers in Kalahari desert of southern Africa (Botswana & Namibia) studied by Richard Lee (1979), Nancy Howell (1979), and others They have been characterized as an "affluent society" w/ plenty of food, leisure time, and healthy lives that last into old age (though all of these generalizations have been questioned, as we will see in the readings for our next class) One of the remarkable things about the !Kung is that they have very wide inter-birth intervals (IBIs) in comparison to other "natural fertility" (non-contracepting) populations Lee & Howell calculated that mean IBI was about 4 yrs for !Kung women living a traditional foraging lifestyle (vs. 2 yrs among those settled at Bantu cattle posts and subsisting more on agropastoral products) One explanation for this wide birth-spacing is that it is a way to control population so it doesn't exceed K or Cc), but this unlikely for several reasons, including:
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