Materialist Causes

Materialist Causes - Materialist Causes Intermediate...

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Materialist Causes Intermediate between "cultural value" and "human nature" explanations of CEC lie analyses that point to materialist determinants -- i.e., aspects of demography, economics, and environment that appear to be causally related to environmental problems Main material causes relevant to CEC = population growth, technology, and economic growth Population growth if unchecked must lead eventually to some forms of resource depletion and environmental degradation -- that much seems certain in a finite world But asserting what must eventually happen is not same as showing what has in fact happened (just as saying that anyone who lives long enough must die of old age is not same as showing that people mostly die of old age rather than malaria, cancer, or AIDS) More specific criticisms of population-growth paradigm are: 1) It is not sufficient in itself (e.g., much of Asia has been densely populated for centuries without destroying ecosystem; U.S. = major contributor to CEC, but not densely populated nor growing all that fast) 2) Malthusian account blames society in aggregate, rather than looking at how environmental problems may be due to some subset of society which benefits from the activities causing an environmental problem, and imposes its costs on less powerful segments While I agree (up to a point) with the anti-Malthusians, I think they are sometimes as
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This note was uploaded on 11/22/2011 for the course ANT ANT2000 taught by Professor Monicaoyola during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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Materialist Causes - Materialist Causes Intermediate...

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