NICHE THEORY - NICHE THEORY CULTURAL DIVERSITY BIODIVERSITY Intro One of the striking facts about contemporary society and indeed of much of

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NICHE THEORY, CULTURAL DIVERSITY, & BIODIVERSITY Intro One of the striking facts about contemporary society, and indeed of much of recorded history, is the division of the human species into distinct ethnic groups, whose interrelations are sometimes antagonistic and sometimes mutualistic While there are many interesting ways social scientists analyze this phenomenon, ecological theory may provide some additional insights This lecture approaches this topic as follows: 1. What is ecological niche theory? (brief summary) 2. How can we apply this theory to human ethnic diversity? 3. How is such diversity (or cultural diversity more broadly) related to biodiversity? Niche Theory Niche concept is central to modern ecological theory In particular, niche is used to describe and analyze 1. ways in which diff. species interact (including competition, resource partitioning, exclusion or coexistence); 2. why some species are rare and others abundant; 3. what determines geographical distribution of a given species; 4. what determines structure and stability of multi-species communities Term "niche" borrowed from church architecture, but in ecology it is not a spatial term like habitat or environment (though related to these) What's the difference between the two concepts? Habitat = "address" (environmental region or community inhabited by a population) Niche = "profession" (way in which a population utilizes a habitat) Though realizing that any population's niche is multi-dimensional in very complex ways,
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This note was uploaded on 11/22/2011 for the course ANT ANT2000 taught by Professor Monicaoyola during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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NICHE THEORY - NICHE THEORY CULTURAL DIVERSITY BIODIVERSITY Intro One of the striking facts about contemporary society and indeed of much of

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