Possibilism - Possibilism The predictable (over)reaction to...

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Possibilism The predictable (over)reaction to ED was to deny that environment played a significant role in determining sociocultural [s/c] differences Since denying any role to environment flew in face of some obvious realities, environment was given minor role of limiting the range of possible s/c forms -- hence the term "possibilism" Possibilism is associated with anthropology's rejection of any sort of non-cultural determinism (racial, economic, etc.) This rejection began roughly around 1900; associated with anthropology staking out its own academic turf (distinguishing itself from biology, economics, psychology, etc.) Essence of "possibilist" view is that the environment may limit , but doesn't directly cause , s/c variation That is, environmental factors may explain why some cultural features don't occur in a particular setting (e.g., absence of agriculture in arctic), but cannot explain why they occur (presence of agric. in other areas) As with ED, possibilism took various forms: some possibilists fiercely opposed any
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Possibilism - Possibilism The predictable (over)reaction to...

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