THE ECOLOGY OF SOCIAL STRATIFICATION

THE ECOLOGY OF SOCIAL STRATIFICATION - THE ECOLOGY OF...

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THE ECOLOGY OF SOCIAL STRATIFICATION Topics covered in this lecture: 1) What is stratification? 2) What are the main ecological explanations for stratification? 3) Illustrative examples: Pomo Indian trade feasts; role of irrigation in state formation What is Stratification? Stratification can be defined various ways, but most commonly refers to institutionalized inequalities in power, wealth, and status between categories of persons within a single social system (e.g., classes, castes, ethnic groups) Status inequalities between individuals are found everywhere, so how much inequality does it take to qualify as a stratified society? On one hand, inequalities based on personal qualities (charisma, economic or social skills, etc.) do not constitute stratification, since they aren't defined by membership in a particular category So, if in a hunting band the best hunter or the healer/shaman is held in high regard and has preferential access to some resources, this ain't social stratification
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THE ECOLOGY OF SOCIAL STRATIFICATION - THE ECOLOGY OF...

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