Why are Biological

Why are Biological - Why are Biological & Cultural...

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Although the empirical evidence indicates that biodiversity & cultural diversity (or at least linguistic diversity) are correlated in their geographical abundances, this in itself doesn't tell us why this correlation occurs Whatever the actual causal processes, there must logically fall into one or more of the following 3 relationships (Smith 2001): (1) Cultural diversity drives increased biodiversity (2) Biodiversity drives increased cultural diversity (3) Some third factor (or factors) co-determines both cultural and biological diversity All 3 possibilities have some plausible candidates, and these are not mutually exclusive (each could predominate in particular cases) 1) Does cultural diversity enhance biodiversity? The first hypothesis focuses on small-scale societies (locally adapted, therefore high cultural diversity per unit area) Proposed mechanisms: (a) Intentionally conserve biodiversity (for livelihood or for religious reasons)
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Why are Biological - Why are Biological & Cultural...

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