Black Power and the Black Panther Party

Black Power and the Black Panther Party - Diablo Valley...

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Diablo Valley College Dr. Kent Haldan History 121 The Black Power Movement, the Black Panther Party, and the FBI’s Counterintelligence Program
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III. Urban Uprisings in the North and the Black Power Movement: A.Wider context : Emergence of Urban Uprisings, esp. in the North. 1964-1967 50 riots, uprisings. Main issue was police brutality . Hoover’s FBI study of 29 cities shows that these uprisings were ignited by arrests of black people by local police .
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Urban Uprisings in the North and the Black Power Movement However, Hoover blamed these riots on the “catalytic effect of extremists” focusing on the “vicious rhetoric” of SNCC (Rap Brown and Stokely Carmichael), & SCLC (M.L. King), as communistic. Events: 1. Watts: in August 1965 34 were killed.
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Urban Uprisings in the North and the Black Power Movement: 2. Detroit : in 1966 was the worst uprising: 43 left dead; 2000 injured. 2700 white-owned businesses destroyed. Main issue police brutality. At the end, there were 5000 blacks without homes. 3. MLK tried to organize movement in Chicago: Jan-August 1966, calling it the most segregated city in America.
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Urban Uprisings in the North and the Black Power Movement He used non-violent tactics as they did in the South. However, MLK was not as effective against Mayor Daley. Newspapers ignored his campaign; Daley claimed no ghettos; people choose to live separately. Outcome : Compromise: the city would desegregate public housing. Realtors no longer enforce housing covenants. However, 1970-1990, intercity poverty increased from 32% to 50% in Chicago.
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Urban Uprisings in the North and the Black Power Movement: 4. Kerner Report (National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders) March 1968: 1,America was “moving toward two societies, one black, one white-- “separate and unequal.” 2,To reverse the “deepening racial trend,” the Commission called for a massive and sustained “commitment to national action,” recommending sweeping reforms in the areas of employment, education, welfare, housing reform, news reporting and law enforcement.
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Urban Uprisings in the North and the Black Power Movement: 3, L.B. Johnson rejected must of the commission’s proposals, claiming “that the problem was money ” which was simply not there. However, Johnson encouraged local police departments to establish intelligent units and to funnel any information collected to the Justice Department through the FBI. As a result the domestic intelligence apparatus became bigger and harder to control, more intrusive, and, according to Kenneth O’Reilly, more incompetent.
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LBJ & War on Poverty: Johnson’s Great Society was a response to American’s Poverty but the expensive Vietnam war undermined it.
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B.Malcolm X and the Black Power Movement: B.Malcolm X: 1. believed that AA must struggle for human rights and not just civil rights . While the right to vote is important, it is not equal to economic and cultural survival.
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