Jewish Immigration (Takaki Ch. 11)

Jewish Immigration (Takaki Ch. 11) - Diablo Valley College...

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Diablo Valley College History 121 Dr. Kent Haldan Study Guide for Takaki, A Different Mirror , Ch. 11 “The Exodus From Russia: Pushed by Pogroms" (Jewish Immigration)
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I. Origins of the Jews Q#1.According to Takaki, by the beginning of World War I, one third of the Jews in Russia and eastern Europe (approximately 2M out of 6M) had emigrated to the United States. What circumstances forced them to leave their homeland? Describe the socio-economic background of most Jewish immigrants. Were their intentions to stay or return?
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Origins of the Jews Jew immigrants were refuges, some in families, only 3% returned. A. Persecution in Russia: Scape-goating by Czar to save throne from revolution. Jews forced to live in Pale. Officials encourage acts of violence against Jews. Anti Jewish violence ubiquitous in the shtetl. Pogroms sponsored by state at Passover and other Christian holidays. Forced Jews to realize Russia not their home.
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Pogrom In Russia
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Pogrom In Russia: T. Roosevelt confronts the Czar
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1899 Jews out of Russia postcard
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Pogrom In Russia
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Origins of the Jews Golda Meir : (Recalls as little child, not knowing what a pogrom was) “I knew it had something to do with being Jewish and with the rabble that used that used to surge through town, brandishing knives and huge sticks, screaming Christ Killers as they looked for the Jews….”
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Golda Meir was prime minister Israeli from 1969-1974.
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Origins of the Jews 2. Economic: Concentration in craft industry : bitter competition inevitable. According to one immigrant, “There were ten time as many stores as there should have been, ten times as many tailors, cobblers, barbers, tinsmiths.” However, Gentiles, if their businesses failed, could relocate, the Jews had to remain in the Pale. By 1879, 38% employed in manufacturing or crafts; 32% in commerce only 3% in Ag.
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Origins of the Jews 3. Background : Jewish immigrant were a highly select group. They were educated: 80% of men and 63% of women who came here between 1908 to 1912 were literate. Skilled: 2/3 specifying an occupation were skilled workers. However, only 16% of Italian males and 20% females were educated. Jewish refugees were youthful. 4. They intended to stay. Settlers . Only 3% returned In contrast, 60 % Southern Italians and Chinese returned.
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Abe Cahan wrote The Rise of David Levinsky
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Abe Cahan’s background: In 1881 he emigrated to the United States to escape the mass roundups of revolutionaries following the assassination of Russia 's Tsar Alexander II . After many vicissitudes, he arrived in New York City in June, 1882. Having become an ardent socialist while in Russia, he devoted all the time he could spare from work and study to spread his favorite ideas among the Jewish working
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Abe Cahan: socialist labor leader among Jews in America He thus became the pioneer socialist labor leader among them, and was the first in the United States to deliver socialist speeches in Yiddish. Cahan was either
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This note was uploaded on 11/22/2011 for the course HIST 121 taught by Professor - during the Spring '10 term at Diablo Valley College.

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Jewish Immigration (Takaki Ch. 11) - Diablo Valley College...

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