World War II (Chan Ch. 11)

World War II (Chan Ch. 11) - Chan Ch. 11: The Impact of...

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Chan Ch. 11: The Impact of World War II on California’s Economy (Read pages 298-299, Marye Stump interview 303-305, and Gerald Nash’s essay 309-316)
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Introduction: Q#1. According to Chan and Olin, what impact did World War II have on California’s economy? What role did Kaiser and the California Institute of Technology play? What does Roger Lotchin mean by the “metropolitan-military complex? A.Impact World War II upon California ’s economy : 1.Introduction: 1939 Californian per capita income was below 1930 level & Roosevelt Recession still ongoing (since 1937). 2.However, US economy revived as orders poured in from US allies after Germany’s invasion of Poland (Sept 1939) and by the time the US entered the war with the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor, the US economy was recovering from the Great Depression.
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Introduction: 3.CA received 1/10 of federal funds as defense industries and military installations were build or expanded. 4.Reasons for this fed funding : 1,Geography/climate of CA ideal for building and testing aircraft and training troops for North Africa. 2,Strategic Location: all military units sent to the Pacific theater shipped through CA/Pacific Coast.
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B.Kaiser streamlined the production of “Liberty” ships so production was cut from 250 days to 25 days while opening the first blast furnace and steel-rolling mill in Fontana, CA. 3.Other activities : 1, Scientists at CA Institute of Technology developed new designs in rocketry. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory. 2,Professors at UCB pioneered research that would be used to build the first atomic bomb. 3,Engineers at Stanford pioneered research that provided the basis for the new electronic industry. C.Roger Lotchin use the term “metropolitan-military complex” in his study Fortress CA : to emphasize that the major relation was between the military and municipalities have work together —rather than military and industry as in the term “military-industrial complex”—“as the engine of CA economic development.”
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Launching celebration for the Liberty Ship Robert E. Peary at Richmond Shipyard. The building of the Peary—in 4 days & 15 ½ hours--- broke all construction records.
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Section of Liberty Ship: sections and parts of these ships were manufactured throughout the country and assembled on the Pacific Coast, enabling 1000s of semiskilled workers to rapidly assemble them.
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Lawrence Radiation Lab in foreground with UCB campus in back.
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While Lotchin use the term “metropolitan- military complex” 2.In contrast, James Henretta et al argues in America’s History (4th Ed) that the War Production Board—headed by Donald Nelson previously a Sears, Roebuck CEO—preferred to deal with large corporations rather than with small businesses. They argue that it was the
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World War II (Chan Ch. 11) - Chan Ch. 11: The Impact of...

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