Crime and Punishment

Crime and Punishment - punishment will be severe b In the...

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Crime and Punishment Crime – acts that violate a statute or law. There are 2800 acts that are classified as federal crimes. Crime rose significantly from the 1960’s to the 1990’s, and then dropped dramatically since then. Juvenile Crime – legal violations committed by those under 18 years of age. Juvenile crime also peaked in the early 90’s and then has fallen dramatically. Reasons: less crack, smaller generation, better economy, more police, abortion? Crime control Criminal justice system – the institutions and processes responsible for enforcing criminal statutes – includes police, courts, and correctional system. Four approaches to control and punish lawbreakers. 1. Deterrence – the threat of punishment will discourage criminal behavior. a. Threat does deter crime if lawbreakers know they will be caught, and that the
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Unformatted text preview: punishment will be severe. b. In the US punishment is not usually certain, swift, nor severe. c. Capital punishment argument – murder is usually an irrational act so deterrence is not effective. Americans favor the revenge aspect of capital punishment. 2. Retribution – criminals pay compensation for their acts. Idea of an eye for an eye, etc. 3. Incarceration – keep criminals in prison where they cannot commit crimes. This is the current US approach. Prison population has gone from 1.2 million to 1.9 million. Three strike laws are another example. 4. Rehabilitation – attempt to resocialize criminals. Programs aimed at giving prisoners social and work skills to adjust to normal society. Recidivism – return to criminal activity upon release from prison. 30-60 percent of inmates return to prison within 2-5 years....
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