Functionalist Theories of the State

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Functionalist Theories of the State Robertson (1989:332) points out that the overarching concept which underlies all functionalist explanations of the state pertains the state's role in the preservation of social order. Enforcement of Norms Small communities are able to enforce local norms by spontaneous action, but this kind of rule becomes impossible in large complex societies. The state, therefore, acts to codify norms into explicit written laws. Arbitration of Conflict Conflict may arise over scarce resources, national goals, conflicting interests. The state
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Unformatted text preview: is the ultimate authority for "deciding who gets what, when, and how" (Robertson, 1989:331). Planning and Direction Complex societies require centralized, coordinated, and systematic planning and direction. International Relations This included political, economic, and military international relations such as alliances and trade agreements. Conflict Theories of the State Conflict theory argues that the state exists simply for the protection of the interests of the wealthy and powerful in society....
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