APUSH review - Unit 3 1754-1800 Concepts Checks and balances \u2794 System that allows each branch of a government to amend or veto acts of another

APUSH review - Unit 3 1754-1800 Concepts Checks and...

This preview shows page 1 - 4 out of 93 pages.

Unit 3 1754-1800 Concepts Checks and balances System that allows each branch of a government to amend or veto acts of another branch so as to prevent any one branch from exerting too much power. Common sense Common Sense , a pamphlet published by Thomas Paine, called for immediate independence from Britain. It was sold throughout the colonies, gained popularity, and engaged average colonists in the political debate over the future of their government. Common Sense helped improve support for independence in the Continental Congress. Hamilton’s Financial Plan Alexander Hamilton was the first secretary of the treasury. He proposed the federal assumption of state debts, the establishment of a national bank, and the federal stimulation of industry through excise taxes and tariffs. Opponents, including Thomas Jefferson, saw his programs as aiding a small, elite group at the expense of the average citizen. Hamilton died from wounds sustained in a piston duel with Aaron Burr, Jefferson’s Vice President. Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions were a response by Jeffersonian Republicans to the Alien and Sedition Acts. They included text written by Jefferson and by Madison.
They suggested that states should have the power within their territory to nullify federal law. They stated that the federal government had no right to exercise powers not specifically delegated to it. The resolutions represented a future argument that would be used when secession and Civil War threatened the country. They called into question the paradox of the Elastic Clause and the Tenth Amendment. Loose constructionism Led by Alexander Hamilton. Argued that the government could do anything in the executed of those enumerated powers that was not explicitly forbidden by the Constitution. Implied power of government. Mercantilism Mercantilism was the prevailing economic philosophy of the 1600s. It was founded on the belief that the world’s wealth was limited and, therefore, that one nation’s gain was another nation’s loss. Each nation’s goal was to export more than it imported in a favorable balance of trade; precious metals would provide economic and military strength. Colonies were to serve the ruling country by providing raw materials and purchasing manufactured goods instead of creating their own. Nullification States have the right to judge the constitutionality of federal laws. Exercise the authority to declare a law void. Republican Motherhood Ideals of the American Revolution inspired writers to challenge traditional gender roles.
Women’s participation in the revolution created a sense of egalitarianism. Republican Motherhood as an idea was based on Enlightenment thinking; John Locke had also challenged the traditional notions of the female role.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture