Mechanical Solidarit1

Mechanical Solidarit1 - more impersona l Society witnesses...

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Mechanical Solidarity The key to social cohesion in gemeinschaft type communities (i.e., the degree to which members of a society feel united by shared values and other social bonds) lies in what Durkheim called mechanical solidarity. Durkheim noted how people performed similar tasks and developed a shared consciousness that united the community. An agricultural society is an example. The members of the community have so much in common that they know how most others feel about life (Henslin, 2004:93). Gesellschaft As industrialization transformed human lives from that which was rural to that which is urban, human relationships shifted to a state of gesellschaft. Relationships became
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Unformatted text preview: more impersona l. Society witnesses a breakdown in traditional family arrangements . Behavior was governed, not by religious commitment, but rather by impersonal calculation and public opinion . Organic Solidarity As society gets larger, tasks become more specialized. People come to depend on each other for the work that each contributed to the whole. Organic solidarity is based, not on similarity, but on interdependence (Henslin, 2004:93). Formal organizations include churches, clubs, schools, armies, colleges, the IRS, and hospitals....
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